The role of adenosine in pulmonary angiogenesis
Angiogenesis is a feature of chronic lung diseases such as asthma and pulmonary fibrosis; however, the pathways controlling pathological angiogenesis during lung disease are not completely understood. Adenosine is a signaling nucleoside that accumulates as a result of tissue hypoxia and damage. Adenosine has been implicated in the exacerbation of chronic lung disease and in the regulation of angiogenesis; however, the relationship between these factors has not been investigated. The work presented in this dissertation utilized adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient mice to determine whether chronic elevations of adenosine in vivo result in pulmonary angiogenesis, and to identify factors that could potentially mediate this process. Results demonstrate that there is substantial angiogenesis in the tracheas of ADA-deficient mice in association with adenosine elevations. Replacement enzyme therapy with pegylated ADA resulted in a lowering of adenosine levels and reversal of tracheal angiogenesis, indicating that the increases in vessel number are dependent on adenosine elevations. Levels of the ELR+ angiogenic chemokine CXCL1 were found to be elevated in an adenosine-dependent manner in the lungs of ADA-deficient mice. Neutralization of CXCL1 and its putative receptor, CXCR2, in ADA-deficient lung lysates resulted in the inhibition of angiogenic activity suggesting that CXCL1 signaling through the CXCR2 receptor is responsible for mediating the observed increases in angiogenesis. Taken together, these findings suggest that adenosine plays an important role, via CXCL1, in the induction of pulmonary angiogenesis and may therefore represent an important therapeutic target for the treatment of pathological angiogenesis.
Mohsenin, Amir, "The role of adenosine in pulmonary angiogenesis" (2006). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3249204.