A mechanism of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2-induced cell mobility in glioma
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) is a protein known to be overexpressed in a majority of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors. While it is known the IGFBP2 is involved in promoting GBM tumor cell invasion, no mechanism exists for how the protein is involved in signal transduction pathways leading to enhanced cell invasion. We follow up on preliminary microarray data on IGFBP2-overexpressing GBM cells and protein sequence analysis of IGFBP2 in generating the hypothesis that IGFBP2 interacts with integnn α5 in regulating cell mobility. Microarray data showing upregulation of integrin α5 by IGFBP2 is validated and evidence of protein-protein interaction between IGFBP2 and integrin α5 is found. The exact binding domain on IGFBP2 responsible for its interaction with integrin α5 is also determined, confirming our initial findings and reaffirming that the IGFBP2/integrin α5 interaction is specific. Disruption of this interaction resulted in attenuation of IGFBP2-enhanced cell mobility. Further, we found that cell mobility is only enhanced when IGFBP2 and integrin α5 are both overexpressed and able to interact with each other. We also determined fibronectin to be a critical player in the activation of the IGFBP2/integrin α5 pathway. The activation of this pathway appears to be progressive and initiates once GBM cells have sufficiently established anchorage.
Wang, George K, "A mechanism of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2-induced cell mobility in glioma" (2006). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3249207.