The role of smoking status on postoperative complications and survival in lung cancer patients presenting to M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
It is estimated that 50% of all lung cancer patients continue to smoke after diagnosis. Many of these lung cancer patients who are current smokers often experience tremendous guilt and responsibility for their disease, and feel it might be too late for them to quit smoking. In addition, many oncologists may be heard to say that it is 'too late', 'it doesn't matter', 'it is too difficult', 'it is too stressful' for their patients to stop smoking, or they never identify the smoking status of the patient. Many oncologists feel unprepared to address smoking cessation as part of their clinical practice. In reality, physicians can have tremendous effects on motivating patients, particularly when patients are initially being diagnosed with cancer. More information is needed to convince patients to quit smoking and to encourage clinicians to assist patients with their smoking cessation. In this current study, smoking status at time of lung cancer diagnosis was assessed to examine its impact on complications and survival, after exploring the reliability of smoking data that is self-reported. Logistic Regression was used to determine the risks of smoking prior to lung resection. In addition, survival analysis was performed to examine the impact of smoking on survival. The reliability of how patients report their smoking status was high, but there was some discordance between current smokers and recent quitters. In addition, we found that cigarette pack-year history and duration of smoking cessation were directly related to the rate of a pulmonary complication. In regards to survival, we found that current smoking at time of lung cancer diagnosis was an independent predictor of early stage lung cancer. This evidence supports the idea that it is "never too late" for patients to quit smoking and health care providers should incorporate smoking status regularly into their clinical practice.
Merriman, Kelly Willis, "The role of smoking status on postoperative complications and survival in lung cancer patients presenting to M.D. Anderson Cancer Center" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3284084.