Behavioral cognitions and factors related to hepatitis B vaccine acceptance and compliance in a cohort of drug users in Houston, Texas
Purpose. Drug users are a large group of those at highest risk for contracting Hepatitis B (HBV). This study sought to identify predictors of HBV vaccine acceptance and compliance in a cohort of current drug users in Houston, Texas. Perceived severity of HBV, perceived risk of HBV, perceived peer support of HBV vaccine, and perceived benefits of HBV vaccine were also examined assess their relationship to HBV compliance. Methods. A randomized intervention study was conducted in a cohort of current drug users in Houston, Texas. Participants were recruited by community outreach workers from two urban neighborhoods in Houston known for high drug use. Participants were randomized to a standard vaccine schedule group or an accelerated vaccine schedule group. Participants were also randomized to either a standard behavioral intervention group or an enhanced behavioral intervention group designed to increase HBV vaccine acceptance and compliance. Baseline visits included an interview for demographic factors, drug and sexual behaviors, and HBV beliefs; and participants received the first dose of the HBV vaccine and one of the behavioral interventions. Results. Of 1,643 screening participants, 77% accepted the HBV vaccine. Participants ages ≥50 were twice as likely to accept the vaccine. African Americans and less frequent drug users were also significantly more likely to accept the vaccine. Of the 1,259 participants who enrolled in the study, 75% were compliant to the HBV vaccine. Predictors of compliance were found to be race, housing status, and alcohol use. Speedball users were found to be 74% less likely to be compliant the HBV vaccine. None of the behavioral constructs assessed were found to significantly predict HBV compliance. However, additional analyses found that there were significant changes in mean scores of the behavioral concepts when measured at six month follow-up. Conclusion. Results from this study indicate that when offered a free vaccine in the drug user community, a large percentage will be compliant to the vaccine series. The behavioral cognitions commonly used in HBV compliance research need to be extended to accurately fit this cohort. Also, vaccine intervention focus needs to be on reaching the homeless segment of the drug users and the speedball users.
Clark, April L. S, "Behavioral cognitions and factors related to hepatitis B vaccine acceptance and compliance in a cohort of drug users in Houston, Texas" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3302177.