Impact of COP9 signalosome subunit 6 (CSN6) on MDM2-p53 axis in DNA damage-mediated apoptosis and tumorigenesis
Mammalian COP9 signalosome, which connects signaling with the ubiquitin-mediated proteasome degradation pathway, is implicated in cell cycle regulation and DNA damage response. However, whether COP9 is dysregulated in cancers has not been well established. Here, we showed that COP9 subunit 6 (CSN6) was upregulated in malignant breast and thyroid tumors and positively correlated with MDM2 expression. Investigation of the underlying mechanism suggested that CSN6 stabilized MDM2, thereby accelerating the degradation of p53. We generated mice carrying a targeted disruption of the Csn6 gene, and found that the mice with both alleles disrupted (Csn6-/- ) died in early embryogenesis (E7.5). Csn6+/- mice were sensitized to undergo γ-radiation-induced p53-dependent apoptosis in both thymus and developing central nervous system. Consequently. Csn6 +/- mice were more susceptible to the lethal effects of high-dose γ-radiation than wild-type mice. Notably, Csn6+/- mice were less susceptible to γ-radiation-induced tumorigenesis and had better long-term survival after low-dose γ-radiation exposure compared with wild-type animals, indicating that loss of CSN6 enhanced p53-mediated tumor suppression in vivo. In summary, the regulation of MDM2-p53 signaling by CSN6 plays a significant role in DNA damage-mediated apoptosis and tumorigenesis, which suggests that CSN6 may potentially be a valuable diagnostic marker for cancers with a dysregulated MDM2-p53 axis.
Molecular biology|Genetics|Cellular biology
Zhao, Ruiyang, "Impact of COP9 signalosome subunit 6 (CSN6) on MDM2-p53 axis in DNA damage-mediated apoptosis and tumorigenesis" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3305174.