Relationship between Clostridium difficile toxin type and clinical features, severity and outcome in patients with Clostridium difficile diarrhea (CDAD)
Background. Clostridium difficile infection is one of the major causes of antibiotic associated diarrhea and colitis in the United States. Currently, there is a dearth of literature on the risk factors and outcomes differences between the patients with infection due to the hypervirulent strain vs. the non-hypervirulent strains. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between C. difficile toxin type and clinical features, severity and outcome in patients with C. difficile diarrhea. Methods. The case group included 37 patients who had infections due to hypervirulent strain (tcdC deletion) and the control group included 55 patients with other toxin types (toxin A, B, binary toxin). A univariate analysis was performed followed by a multivariable logistic regression analysis to assess the differences between cases and controls. Results. In the multivariate analyses, we found out that being a male was a protective factor for developing the infection due to the hypervirulent strain [OR 0.33; 95% CI 0.12-0.90]. Also, the hypervirulent group has worse clinical and economic outcomes, although the differences were small and nonsignificant. Conclusions. There may likely be no predictive risk factor for acquiring infection due to the hypervirulent strain and the acquisition may be more linked to the infection control practices of the individual hospitals or location of patients. Hence, better infection control practices may prove helpful in decreasing the overall disease burden and thus improve patient outcomes.
Kachroo, Sumesh, "Relationship between Clostridium difficile toxin type and clinical features, severity and outcome in patients with Clostridium difficile diarrhea (CDAD)" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3311437.