The prevalence, health risks, and consequences of asthma among adult residents in Texas
Based on asthma prevalence data collected from the 2000 BRFSS survey, approximately 14.7 million U.S. adults had current asthma, accounting for 7.2% of the total U.S. population. In Texas alone, state data extrapolated from the 1999-2003 Texas BRFSS suggested that approximately 1 million Texas adults were reporting current asthma and approximately 11% of the adult population has been diagnosed with the illness during their lifetime. From a public health perspective, the disease is manageable. Comprehensive state-specific asthma surveillance data are necessary to identify disparities in asthma prevalence and asthma-control characteristics among subpopulations and to develop targeted public health interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance of various risk factors of asthma and to examine the impact of asthma on health-related quality of life among adult residents of Texas. The study employed a cross-sectional study of respondents in Texas. The study extracted all the variables related to asthma along with their associated demographic, socioeconomic, and quality of life variables from the 2007 BRFSS data for 17,248 adult residents of Texas aged 18 and older. Chi-square test and logistic regression using SPSS were used in various data analyses on weighted data, adjusting for the complex sample design of the BRFSS data. All chi-square analyses were carried out using SPSS's CSTABULATE command. In addition, logistic regression models were fitted using SPSS's CSLOGISTIC command. Risks factors significantly associated with reporting current asthma included BMI, race/ethnicity, gender, and income. Holding all other variables constant, obese adults were almost twice as likely to report current asthma as those adults who were normal weight (odds ratio [OR], 1.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25 to 2.53). Other non-Hispanic adults were significantly more likely to report current asthma than non-Hispanic Whites (OR, 2.43; 95% CI, 1.38 to 4.25), while Hispanics were significantly less likely to report current asthma than non-Hispanic Whites (OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.25 to 0.60), after controlling for all other variables. After adjusting for all other variables, adult females were almost twice as likely to report current asthma as males (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.49 to 2.60). Adults with household income of less than $15,000 were almost twice as likely to report current asthma as those persons with an annual household income of $50,000 or more (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.33 to 2.94). In regards to the association between asthma and health-related quality of life, after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, gender, tobacco use, body mass index (BMI), exercise, education, and income, adults with current asthma compared to those without asthma were more likely to report having more than 15 days of unhealthy physical health (OR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.29 to 2.60). Overall, the findings of this study provide insight and valuable information into the populations in Texas most adversely affected by asthma and health-related consequences of the disease condition. Further research could build on the findings of this study by replicating this study as closely as possible in other asthma settings, and look at the relationship for hospitalization rates, asthma severity, and mortality.
Service, Ray, "The prevalence, health risks, and consequences of asthma among adult residents in Texas" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3330337.