G870A polymorphism of cyclin D1 gene influences cancer risk - From epidemiological study to mechanism analysis
Alternate splicing of the cyclin D1 gene gives rise to transcript a and b which encode two protein isoforms cyclin D1a and cyclin D1b. Through testing transcript a and transcript b in a series of human samples, we found that cyclin D1 transcript b is ubiquitously expressed as transcript a but in the lower abundance compared to transcript a. Epidemiological studies have reported that the cyclin D1 gene (CCND1) G870A polymorphism influences the risk for a variety of cancer. In this investigation, we examined the cyclin D1b levels in tumor samples with different genotypes and found that higher levels of cyclin D1b are expressed from the A allele than the G allele. Cyclin D1 is known as a cell cycle regulator facilitating the progression of the cell cycle from G1 to S phase in response to the mitogenic signals. It also interacts with several transcription factors and transcriptional coregulators to modulate their activities. It has been reported that cyclin D1a can substitute for estrogen to activate estrogen receptor α (ERα) mediated transcription and can induce the proliferation of estrogen responsive tissues. However the biological role of cyclin D1b in ERα transcriptional regulation has not been previously explored. In this study, we determined that cyclin D1b antagonizes the action of cyclin D1a on ERα mediated transcription. Cell proliferation assays provided the evidence that cyclin D1b negatively regulates estrogen responsive breast cancer cell growth. Taken together, our findings show that the CCND1 G870A polymorphism is correlated with increased levels of cyclin D1b and that cyclin D1b antagonizes the action of cyclin D1a on ERα mediated transcription providing evidence for the mechanism by which the CCND1 G870A polymorphism may be protective in certain types of breast cancer.
Zhu, Jing, "G870A polymorphism of cyclin D1 gene influences cancer risk - From epidemiological study to mechanism analysis" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3335228.