Molecular mechanisms by which p53/LSD1 and ERα/Trim24 complexes mediate gene regulation
In this dissertation, I identify two molecular mechanisms by which transcription factors cooperate with their co-regulators to mediate gene regulation. In the first part, I demonstrate that p53 directly recruits LSD1, a histone demethylase, to AFP chromatin to demethylate methylated H3K4 and actively mediate transcription repression. Loss of p53 and LSD1 interaction at chromatin leads to derepression of AFP in hepatic cells. In the second part, I reveal that Trim24 functions as an important co-activator in ERα-mediated gene activation in response to estrogen stimulation. Trim24 is recruited by ligand-bound ERα to chromatin and stabilizes ERα-chromatin interactions by binding to histone H3 via its PHD finger, which preferentially recognizes unmethylated H3K4.
Tsai, Wen-Wei, "Molecular mechanisms by which p53/LSD1 and ERα/Trim24 complexes mediate gene regulation" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3358133.