The association between maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes
Maternal use of SSRIs for depression and anxiety during pregnancy has increased over the last decade. Recent studies have questioned the safety of these antidepressants when used in during pregnancy. The aim of this project is to assess the associations between maternal SSRI use and GH, SGA, and preterm birth using data from a U.S. population-based study with self-reported exposure information. The study population is comprised of mothers of control infants from the NBDPS, an ongoing, multi-state, population-based case-control study. Mothers were asked about any use of medications during pregnancy, including the dates they started and stopped taking each medication. Maternal GH was self-reported, while gestational age and birth weight were calculated from information on birth certificates or medical records. Our study found that women exposed to SSRIs in the first trimester and beyond had a higher odds of GH compared to unexposed women (aOR=1.96, 95% CI=1.02-3.74). Women who used SSRIs only in the first trimester had no increased odds of GH (aOR=0.77, 95% CI=0.24-2.50). Women who used SSRIs throughout their entire pregnancy had a two-fold increase in the odds of delivering an SGA infant compared to unexposed women (aOR=2.16, 95% CI=1.01-4.62), while women who reported SSRI use only in the first trimester had a decreased odds of delivering an SGA infant (aOR=0.56, 95% CI=0.14-2.34). Finally, both women who used SSRIs in the first trimester only (aOR=1.58, 95% CI=0.71-3.51) and women who used SSRIs in the first trimester and beyond (aOR=1.49, 95% CI=0.76-2.90) had an increased odds of delivering preterm compared to unexposed women. Results from our study suggest that women who use SSRIs in the first trimester and beyond have an increased and significant odds of GH and SGA. An increase in the odds of preterm birth was also observed among women exposed in this period and is consistent with the results of previous studies which had much larger sample sizes. Women who use SSRIs only in the first trimester appear to have no increased odds of GH or SGA, but may have an increased odds of preterm birth. These findings are consistent with previous studies and highlight how exposure to SSRIs at different points in gestation may result in different risks for these outcomes.
Taylor, Lockwood Grant, "The association between maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3387240.