E2F1's role in ultraviolet-induced DNA damage response
The E2F1 transcription factor is a well-known regulator of cell proliferation and apoptosis, but its role in the DNA damage response is less clear. It has been shown that E2F1 becomes stabilized in response to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) and accumulates at sites of DSBs. This process requires ATM kinase and serine 31 phosphorylation, which provides a binding site for TopBp1. However, the role of E2F1 at sites of DNA damage is not clear. We expanded the study of E2F1's role in the DNA damage response by exploring its functions in ultraviolet (UV) induced DNA damage, and identified that E2F1 promotes DNA repair and cell survival. To further investigate the mechanisms underlying our findings, we examined the possibility for direct involvement of E2F1 in DNA repair. We found that E2F1 localizes to sites of UV irradiation-induced DNA damage dependent on the ATR kinase and serine 31 of E2F1. E2F1 also associates with the GCN5 histone acetyltransferase in response to UV irradiation and recruits GCN5 to sites of DNA damage. This correlates with an increase in histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation and chromatin relaxation. In the absence of E2F1 or GCN5, nucleotide excision repair (NER) proteins do not efficiently localize to sites of UV damage and DNA repair is impaired. E2F1 mutants unable to bind DNA or activate transcription retain the ability to stimulate NER. These findings demonstrate a non-transcriptional role for E2F1 in DNA repair involving GCN5-mediated H3K9 acetylation and increased accessibility to the NER machinery. ^
Biology, Molecular|Biology, Cell|Health Sciences, General
Guo, Ruifeng, "E2F1's role in ultraviolet-induced DNA damage response" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3394959.