Early life risk factors and puberty implications for cancer prevention
Earlier age at puberty is a known risk factor for breast cancer and suspected to influence prostate cancer; yet few studies have assessed early life risk factors for puberty. The overall objectives was to determine the relationship between birth-weight-for-gestational-age (BWGA), weight gain in infancy and pubertal status in girls and boys at 10.8 and 11.8 years and who were born of preeclamptic (PE) and normotensive (NT) mothers. Data for this study were collected from hospital and public health medical records and at a follow-up visit at 10.8 and 11.8 years for girls and boys, respectively. We used stratified analysis and multivariable logistic regression modeling to assess effect measure modifier and to determine the relationship between BWGA, weight gain in infancy and childhood and pubertal status, respectively. There was no difference in the relationship between BWGA and pubertal status by maternal PE status for girls and boys; however, there was a non-significant increase in the odds of having been born small-for-gestational-age (SGA) in girls who were pubertal for breast or pubic hair Tanner stage 2+ compared to those who B1 or PH1. In contrast, boys who were pubertal for genital and pubic hair Tanner stage 2+ had lower odds of having been born SGA than those who were prepubertal for G1 or PH1. In girls who were pubertal for breast development, the odds of having gained one additional unit SD for weight was highest between 3 to 6 months and 6-12 months for those who were B2+ vs. B1. For pubic hair development, weight gain between 6-12 months had the greatest effect for girls of PE mothers only. In boys, there were no statistically significant associations between weight gain and genital Tanner stage at any of the intervals; however, weight gain between 3-6 months did affect pubic hair tanner stage in boys of NT mothers. This study provide important evidence regarding the role of SGA and weight gain at specific age intervals on puberty; however, larger studies need to shed light on modifiable exposures for behavioral interventions in pregnancy, postpartum and in childhood.
Thelus, Rosenie, "Early life risk factors and puberty implications for cancer prevention" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3398978.