Hemodynamic changes associated with manual and automated lateral rotation in mechanically ventilated intensive care patients
Objective: To investigate hemodynamic responses to lateral rotation. Design: Time-series within a randomized controlled trial pilot study. Setting: A medical intensive care unit (ICU) and a medical-surgical ICU in two tertiary care hospitals. Patients: Adult patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Interventions: Two-hourly manual or continuous automated lateral rotation. Measurements and Main Results: Heart rate (HR) and arterial pressure were sampled every 6 seconds for > 24 hours, and pulse pressure (PP) was computed. Turn data were obtained from a turning flow sheet (manual turn) or with an angle sensor (automated turn). Within-subject ensemble averages were computed for HR, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and PP across turns. Sixteen patients were randomized to either the manual (n = 8) or automated (n = 8) turn. Three patients did not complete the study due to hemodynamic instability, bed malfunction or extubation, leaving 13 patients (n = 6 manual turn and n = 7 automated turn) for analysis. Seven patients (54%) had an arterial line. Changes in hemodynamic variables were statistically significant increases ( p < .05), but few changes were clinically important, defined as ≥ 10 bpm (HR) or ≥ 10 mmHg (MAP and PP), and were observed only in the manual-turn group. All manual-turn patients had prolonged recovery to baseline in HR, MAP and PP of up to 45 minutes (p ≤ .05). No significant turning-related periodicities were found for HR, MAP, or PP. Cross-correlations between variables showed variable lead-lag relations in both groups. A statistically, but not clinically, significant increase in HR of 3 bpm was found for the manual-turn group in the back compared with the right lateral position ( F = 14.37, df = 1, 11, p = .003). Conclusions: Mechanically ventilated critically ill patients experience modest hemodynamic changes with manual lateral rotation. A clinically inconsequential increase in HR, MAP, and PP may persist for up to 45 minutes. Automated lateral rotation has negligible hemodynamic effects.
Hamlin, Shannan K, "Hemodynamic changes associated with manual and automated lateral rotation in mechanically ventilated intensive care patients" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3420488.