Micronutrient intakes and their associations with markers of inflammation, subclinical atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes and metabolic syndrome
We investigated cross-sectional associations between intakes of zinc, magnesium, heme- and non heme iron, beta-carotene, vitamin C and vitamin E and inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). We also investigated prospective associations between those micronutrients and incident MetS, T2D and CVD. Participants between 45-84 years of age at baseline were followed between 2000 and 2007. Dietary intake was assessed at baseline using a 120-item food frequency questionnaire. Multivariable linear regression and Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to evaluate associations of interest. Dietary intakes of non-heme iron and Mg were inversely associated with tHcy concentrations (geometric means across quintiles: 9.11, 8.86, 8.74, 8.71, and 8.50 µmol/L for non-heme iron, and 9.20, 9.00, 8.65, 8.76, and 8.33 µmol/L for Mg; ptrends <0.001). Mg intake was inversely associated with high CC-IMT; odds ratio (95% CI) for extreme quintiles 0.76 (0.58, 1.01), ptrend: 0.002. Dietary Zn and heme-iron were positively associated with CRP (geometric means: 1.73, 1.75, 1.78, 1.88, and 1.96 mg/L for Zn and 1.72, 1.76, 1.83, 1.86, and 1.94 mg/L for heme-iron). In the prospective analysis, dietary vitamin E intake was inversely associated with incident MetS and with incident CVD (HR [CI] for extreme quintiles - MetS: 0.78 [0.62-0.97] ptrend=0.01; CVD: 0.69 [0.46-1.03]; ptrend =0.04). Intake of heme-iron from red meat and Zn from red meat, but not from other sources, were each positively associated with risk of CVD (HR [CI] - heme-iron from red meat: 1.65 [1.10-2.47] ptrend = 0.01; Zn from red meat: 1.51 [1.02 - 2.24] ptrend =0.01) and MetS (HR [CI] - heme-iron from red meat: 1.25 [0.99-1.56] ptrend =0.03; Zn from red meat: 1.29 [1.03-1.61]; ptrend = 0.04). All associations evaluated were similar across different strata of gender, race-ethnicity and alcohol intake. Most of the micronutrients investigated were not associated with the outcomes of interest in this multi-ethnic cohort. These observations do not provide consistent support for the hypothesized association of individual nutrients with inflammatory markers, MetS, T2D, or CVD. However, nutrients consumed in red meat, or consumption of red meat as a whole, may increase risk of MetS and CVD.
Environmental Health|Nutrition|Public health
Oliveira, Marcia C.C. de, "Micronutrient intakes and their associations with markers of inflammation, subclinical atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes and metabolic syndrome" (2010). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3427597.