Evaluation of CHIP perinatal program outcomes in Harris County, Texas

Fernando Antonio Small, The University of Texas School of Public Health


This study compared initial year trends in prenatal care and birth outcomes of women enrolled in the Texas Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Perinatal program to trends in Medicaid program women. The study utilized claims data from Community Health Choice (CHC), a health plan in Harris County, Texas that provides coverage to both populations. Quarterly data was analyzed and compared for the first two years of the CHIP Perinatal program (2007-2008) to determine if outcome trends for the CHIP program improved over the outcome trends seen with those enrolled in Medicaid. Study findings indicate an increase in the quarterly prenatal care utilization for the CHIP Perinatal population from 2007 to 2008 and the associated birth weights of babies delivered also had marginal improvements during the same timeframe. Enrollees in Medicaid continued to have overall better outcomes than those enrolled within the CHIP Perinatal program. However, the study showed that the rate of improvement in both prenatal care utilization and birth outcomes were greater for the CHIP Perinatal enrollees than those enrolled in Medicaid. The majority of these improvements were significant when comparing each coverage program and from year to year. Lastly, the study showed that there was a correlation between prenatal care utilization and birth outcomes. However, further analysis of the data could not conclusively indicate that access to prenatal care services provided by the CHIP Perinatal program contributed to the increases observed in utilization and birth outcomes for the study's sample population.

Subject Area

Biostatistics|Public policy|Health care management

Recommended Citation

Small, Fernando Antonio, "Evaluation of CHIP perinatal program outcomes in Harris County, Texas" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3518882.