Relationships among epilepsy self-management, health outcomes, and socioeconomic status

Joan Lan-Chang Censullo, The University of Texas School of Public Health


The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between epilepsy self-management and disease control and socio-economic status. Study participants were adult patients at two epilepsy specialty clinics in Houston, Texas that serve demographically and socioeconomically diverse populations. Self-management behaviors- medication, information, safety, seizure, and lifestyle management were tested against emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and seizure occurrence. Overall self-management score was associated with a greater likelihood of hospitalizations over a prior twelve month time frame, but not for three months, and was not associated with seizure occurrence or emergency room visits, at all. Scores on specific self-management behaviors varied in their relationships to the different disease control indicators, over time. Contrary to expectations based on the findings of previous research, higher information management scores were associated with greater likelihood of emergency room visits and hospitalizations, over the study's twelve months. Higher lifestyle management scores were associated with lower likelihood of any emergency room visits, over the preceding twelve months and emergency room visits for the last three months. The positive associations between overall self-management scores and information management behaviors and disease control are contrary to published research. These findings may indicate that those with worse disease control in a prior period employ stronger self-management efforts to better control their epilepsy. Further research is needed to investigate this hypothesis.

Subject Area

Public health

Recommended Citation

Censullo, Joan Lan-Chang, "Relationships among epilepsy self-management, health outcomes, and socioeconomic status" (2012). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI3550602.