THE BIOSYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRAL PROTEINS
Two murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs), Rauscher (R-MuLV) and Moloney (Mo-MuLV) MuLVs, were studied to identify the biosynthetic pathways leading to the generation of mature virion proteins. Emphasis was placed on the examination of the clone 1 Mo-MuLV infected cell system. At least three genetic loci vital to virion replication exist on the MuLV genome. The 'gag' gene encodes information for the virion core proteins. The 'pol' gene specifies information for the RNA-dependent-DNA-polymerase (pol), or reverse transcriptase (RT). The 'env' gene contains information for the virion envelope proteins. MuLV specified proteins were synthesized by way of precursor polyproteins, which were processed to yield mature virion proteins. Pulse-chase kinetic studies, radioimmunoprecipitation, and peptide mapping were the techniques used to identify and characterize the MuLV viral precursor polyproteins and mature virion proteins. The 'gag' gene of Mo-MuLV coded for two primary gene products. One 'gag' gene product was found to be a polyprotein of 65,000 daltons M(,r) (Pr65('gag)). Pr65('gag) contained the antigenic and structural determinants of all four viral core proteins--p30, p15, pp12 and p10. Pr65('gag) was the major intracellular precursor polyprotein in the generation of mature viral core proteins. The second 'gag' gene product was a glycosylated gene product (gPr('gag)). An 85,000 dalton M(,r) polyprotein (gPr85('gag)) and an 80,000 dalton M(,r) (gPr80('gag)) polyprotein were the products of the 'gag' genes of Mo-MuLV and R-MuLV, respectively. gPr('gag) contained the antigenic and structural determinants of the four virion core proteins. In addition, gPr('gag) contained peptide information over and above that of Pr65('gag). Pulse-chase kinetic studies in the presence of tunicamycin revealed a separate processing pathway of gPr('gag) that did not seem to involve the generation of mature virion core proteins. Subglycosylated gPr('gag) was found to have a molecular weight of 75,000 daltons (Pr75('gag)) for both Mo-MuLV and R-MuLV. The Mo-MuLV 'pol' gene product was initially synthesized as a read-through 'gag-pol' intracellular polyprotein containing both antigenic and structural determinants of both the 'gag' and 'pol' genes. This read-through polyprotein was found to be a closely spaced doublet of two similarly sized proteins at 220-200,000 daltons M(,r) (Pr220/200('gag-pol)). Pulse-chase kinetic studies revealed processing of Pr220/200('gag-pol) to unstable intermediate intracellular proteins of 145,000 (Pr145('pol)), 135,000 (Pr135('pol)), and 125,000 (Pr125('pol)) daltons M(,r). Further chase incubations demonstrated the appearance of an 80,000 dalton M(,r) protein, which represented the mature polymerase (p80('pol)). The primary intracellular Mo-MuLV 'env' gene product was found to be a glycosylated polyprotein of 83,000 daltons M(,r) (gPr83('env)). gPr83('env) contained the antigenic and structural determinants of both mature virion envelope proteins, gp70 and p15E. In addition, gPr83('env) contained unique peptide sequences not present in either gp70 or p15E. The subglycosylated form of gPr83('env) had a molecular weight of 62,000 daltons (Pr62('env)). Virion core proteins of R-MuLV and Mo-MuLV were examined. Structural homology was observed betwen p30s and p10s. Significant structural non-homology was demonstrated between p15s and pp12s.
NG, VALERIE LEN, "THE BIOSYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRAL PROTEINS" (1980). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8027858.