PREMATURE CONDENSATION OF SPERMATOGENIC CELL CHROMOSOMES
The technique of premature chromosome condensation (PCC) has been used primarily to study interphase chromosomes of somatic cells. In this study, mitotic cells were fused to cells from the mouse testes to examine the chromosomes of germ cells. The testes contain various types of cells, both germinal and nongerminal. In these initial studies, four types of PCC morphologies were observed. Chromosome morphology of the PCC and labeling experiments demonstrated the mouse cell origin of various PCC. Attempts were next made to determine the cell types producing the PCC. Spermatogonia, diplotene spermatocytes, secondary spermatocytes and round spermatids are proposed to be the origin of the PCC morphologies. Some PCC could be banded by G and C banding techniques and the mouse chromosomes identified. Studies were subsequently undertaken to evaluate this technique as a method of evaluating damage to germ cells. Testicular cells from irradiated mice were fused to mitotic cells and the PCC examined. Both round spermatids and secondary spermatocytes exhibited chromosome damage in the form of chromatid breaks. A linear correlation was found between the dose of irradiation and the number of breaks per cell. This technique may develop into a useful method for evaluating the clastogenic effect of agents on the germ cells.
DRWINGA, HELEN LAURA, "PREMATURE CONDENSATION OF SPERMATOGENIC CELL CHROMOSOMES" (1980). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8107106.