LINKAGE RELATIONSHIPS AMONG PROTEIN-CODING LOCI IN FISHES OF THE GENUS XIPHOPHORUS
Inbred strains of three species of fishes of the genus Xiphophorus (platyfish and swordtails) were crossed to produce intra- and interspecific F(,1) hybrids, which were then backcrossed to one or both parental stocks. Backcross hybrids were used for the analysis of segregation and linkage of 33 protein-coding loci (whose products were visualized by starch gel electrophoresis) and a sex-linked pigment pattern gene. Segregation was Mendelian for all loci with the exception of one instance of segregation distortion. Six linkage groups of enzyme-coding loci were established: LG I, ADA --6%-- G(,6)PD --24%-- 6PGD; LG II, Est-2 --27%-- Est-3 --0%-- Est-5 --23%-- LDH-1 --16%-- MPI; LG III, AcPh --38%-- G(,3)PD-1 (GUK-2 --14%-- G(,3)PD-1 is also in LG III, but the position of GUK-2 with respect to AcPh has not yet been determined); LG IV, GPI-1 --41%-- IDH-1; LG V, Est-1 --38%-- MDH-2; and LG VI, P1P --7%-- UMPK-1 (P1P is a plasma protein, very probably transferrin). Sex-specific recombination appeared absent in LG II and LG IV locus pairs; significantly higher male recombination was demonstrated in LG I but significantly higher female recombination was detected in LG V. Only one significant population-specific difference in recombination was detected, in the G(,6)PD - 6PGD region of LG I; the notable absence of such effects implies close correspondence of the genomes of the species used in the study. Two cases of possible evolutionary conservation of linkage groups in fishes and mammals were described, involving the G(,6)PD - 6PGD linkage in LG I and the cluster of esterase loci in LG II. One clear case of divergence was observed, that of the linkage of ADA in LG I. It was estimated that a minimum of (TURN)50% of the Xiphophorus genome was marked by the loci studied. Therefore, the prior probability that a new locus will assort independently from the markers already established is estimated to be less than 0.5. A maximum of 21 of the 24 pairs of chromosomes could be marked with at least one locus. Only the two LG V loci showed a significant association with a postulated gene controlling the severity of a genetically controlled melanoma caused by abnormal proliferation of macromelanophore pigment pattern cells. The independence of melanotic severity from all other informative markers implies that one or at most a few major genes are involved in control of melanotic severity in this system.
MORIZOT, DONALD CHARLES, "LINKAGE RELATIONSHIPS AMONG PROTEIN-CODING LOCI IN FISHES OF THE GENUS XIPHOPHORUS" (1980). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8107107.