THE MICROCELL-MEDIATED TRANSFER OF SINGLE HUMAN CHROMOSOMES INTO RECIPIENT MOUSE CELLS
Microcell-mediated chromosome transfer is a method of gene transfer which allows for the introduction of single or small groups of intact chromosomes into recipient host cells. Microcell transfer was first performed by Fournier and Ruddle using rodent microcells and various recipient cells. Expansion of this technology to include the transfer of normal human genetic material has been hindered because large micronucleate populations from diploid human cells have been unobtainable. This dissertation research describes, however, the methods for production of micronuclei in 40-60% of normal human fibroblasts. Once micronucleate cells were obtained, they were enucleated by centrifugation in the presence of Cytochalasin B; the microcells were then purified and fused to recipient mouse (LMTK('-)) cells using a new fusion protocol employing polyethylene glycol containing phytohemagglutinin. Microcell clones were isolated from the HAT selection system. Alkaline Giemsa staining performed on these hybrids indicated the presence of a single human chromosome in each of seven microcell clones from three separate experiments. That chromosome was further identified by G banding analysis to be human chromosome #17, which codes for thymidine kinase. The time course for production of these hybrids from fusion to karyotypic analysis was 6 weeks. The viability of the transferred human genetic material was assessed by electrophoretic isozyme analysis. Subsequent experiments were performed in an attempt to optimize the transfer frequency for the thymidine kinase gene using this system. Results indicated that the frequency could be increased from < 1 x 10('-6) in initial experiments to 2 x 10('-5) in the latest experiment. Analyses were also conducted to determine the number of chromosomes per isolated microcell as well as to investigate the stability of the transferred human chromosome in the mouse genome.
MCNEILL, CAROL ANN, "THE MICROCELL-MEDIATED TRANSFER OF SINGLE HUMAN CHROMOSOMES INTO RECIPIENT MOUSE CELLS" (1980). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8111398.