STUDIES ON ENERGY METABOLISM IN THE HIPPOCAMPUS AFTER ISCHEMIA
The gerbil model of ischemia was used to determine the effect of carotid occlusion on energy metabolites in cellular layers of discrete regions of the hippocampus and dentate gyrus. Levels of glucose, glycogen, ATP and phosphocreatine (PCr) were unchanged after 1 minute of ischemia. However, 3 minutes of ischemia produced a dramatic decrease in net levels of all metabolites. No additional decrease was observed after 15 minutes of ischemia. Re-establishment of the blood flow for 5 minutes after a 15 minute ischemic episode returned all metabolites to pre-ischemia levels. Concentrations of glucose and glycogen were elevated in sham-operated animals as a function of the pentobarbital anesthetic employed. In other studies, elevated GABA levels (produced by inhibiting GABA-transaminase with (gamma)-vinyl-GABA (GVG)) were found to decrease the rate of utilization of the high-energy phosphate metabolites ATP and PCr in the mouse cortex. In addition, glucose and glycogen levels were increased. Thus, tonic inhibition by GABA produced decreased cellular activity. Additional experiments demonstrated the attenuation of ischemia-induced metabolite depletion in cellular layers of regions of the hippocampus, dentate gyrus and cortex after GVG administration. Under ether, 1 minute of bilateral carotid occlusion produced a dramatic decrease in metabolite levels. After GVG treatment, the decrease was blocked completely for glucose, glycogen and ATP, and partially for PCr. Therefore, GABA-transaminase inhibition produced increased levels of GABA which subsequently decreased cellular activity. The protection against ischemia may have been due to (a)decreased metabolic rate; the available energy stores were utilized at a slower rate, and (b)increased levels of energy substrates; additional supplies available to maintain viability. These data suggest that the functional state of neural tissue can determine the response to metabolic stress.
ABEL, MARC STEVEN, "STUDIES ON ENERGY METABOLISM IN THE HIPPOCAMPUS AFTER ISCHEMIA" (1981). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8119813.