COMPARISON OF MEASUREMENTS OF ABSORBED DOSE TO WATER USING A WATER CALORIMETER AND IONIZATION CHAMBERS FOR CLINICAL RADIOTHERAPY PHOTON AND ELECTRON BEAMS
With the development of the water calorimeter direct measurement of absorbed dose in water becomes possible. This could lead to the establishment of an absorbed dose rather than an exposure related standard for ionization chambers for high energy electrons and photons. In changing to an absorbed dose standard it is necessary to investigate the effect of different parameters, among which are the energy dependence, the air volume, wall thickness and material of the chamber. The effect of these parameters is experimentally studied and presented for several commercially available chambers and one experimental chamber, for photons up to 25 MV and electrons up to 20 MeV, using a water calorimeter as the absorbed dose standard and the most recent formalism to calculate the absorbed dose with ion chambers. For electron beams, the dose measured with the calorimeter was 1% lower than the dose calculated with the chambers, independent of beam energy and chamber. For photon beams, the absorbed dose measured with the calorimeter was 3.8% higher than the absorbed dose calculated from the chamber readings. Such differences were found to be chamber and energy independent. The results for the photons were found to be statistically different from the results with the electron beams. Such difference could not be attributed to a difference in the calorimeter response.
MARLES, AMPARO EUGENIA MENDEZ DE, "COMPARISON OF MEASUREMENTS OF ABSORBED DOSE TO WATER USING A WATER CALORIMETER AND IONIZATION CHAMBERS FOR CLINICAL RADIOTHERAPY PHOTON AND ELECTRON BEAMS" (1981). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8207689.