THE SHORT- AND LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF A HANDBOOK ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL PRESCRIBING PATTERNS OF HOSPITAL PHYSICIANS
This study evaluates the effect of a specially designed, physician-oriented handbook of antimicrobial use on the prescribing patterns of a group of fifty doctors at a university hospital. Data were evaluated over a peroid of one-and-one-half years, before and after the distribution of the handbook. For the purposes of this study, antimicrobial therapy was classified: (1) inappropriate if it violated one of a number of recognized principles of antimicrobial therapy, (2) appropriate if it agreed with specific recommendations or alternatives given in the distributed reference handbook, and (3) acceptable if it was neither inappropriate nor appropriate as defined by the handbook. An initial survey of antimicrobial prescribing patterns was made. Five months later the handbook was distributed and a two-week orientation program, consisting of the distribution and promotion of the problem-oriented, pocket-size handbook of appropriate antimicrobial therapy, was conducted. The handbook, which was developed by the authors and reviewed and approved by a panel of infectious disease specialists, presented guidelines for appropriate and efficacious usage of antimicrobial agents as most currently accepted in common clinical infections. Subsequent surveys were then conducted two weeks, three months, and six months after distribution of the handbook. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.01) in antimicrobial prescribing patterns was noted between the survey conducted two weeks after the introduction of the handbook and the other surveys. In this survey, while therapy classified inappropriate decreased from 44% to 28%, therapy appropriate as recommended increased from 31% to 53%. The findings of this study demonstrate that the introduction and promotion of the handbook decreases abuse and increases proper use of antimicrobial therapy, although the effect is sustainable for only a short duration--no longer than three months. These results indicate the need for a vigorous, updated program to achieve and maintain current appropriate antibotic therapy in clinical medicine.
D'ERAMO, JAMES EARL, "THE SHORT- AND LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF A HANDBOOK ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL PRESCRIBING PATTERNS OF HOSPITAL PHYSICIANS" (1980). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8212723.