A STUDY OF INFLUENZA AND OF STATISTICAL METHODS USED TO REPORT INFLUENZA
This paper defines and compares several models for describing excess influenza pneumonia mortality in Houston. First, the methodology used by the Center for Disease Control is examined and several variations of this methodology are studied. All of the models examined emphasize the difficulty of omitting epidemic weeks. In an attempt to find a better method of describing expected and epidemic mortality, time series methods are examined. Grouping in four-week periods, truncating the data series to adjust epidemic periods, and seasonally-adjusting the series y(,t), by: (DIAGRAM, TABLE OR GRAPHIC OMITTED...PLEASE SEE DAI) is the best method examined. This new series w(,t) is stationary and a moving average model MA(1) gives a good fit for forecasting influenza and pneumonia mortality in Houston. Influenza morbidity, other causes of death, sex, race, age, climate variables, environmental factors, and school absenteeism are all examined in terms of their relationship to influenza and pneumonia mortality. Both influenza morbidity and ischemic heart disease mortality show a very high relationship that remains when seasonal trends are removed from the data. However, when jointly modeling the three series it is obvious that the simple time series MA(1) model of truncated, seasonally-adjusted four-week data gives a better forecast.
SNYDER, DOROTHY NELSON, "A STUDY OF INFLUENZA AND OF STATISTICAL METHODS USED TO REPORT INFLUENZA" (1980). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8212727.