HEALTH STATUS - HEALTH SERVICE RESOURCES - ECONOSOCIOCULTURAL DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY IN AFRICA
Rational health services planning requires an examination of the effects of various factors on the health status of a population within a given set of socioeconomic circumstances. The commonly accepted explanations for improved health in the less developed countries (LDCs) are: Health Service Resources available to a population, Environmental and Life conditions, and the Econosociocultural Characteristics of the population. In the context of the low economic base from which many LDCs initiate development activities, a strong imperative exists for identifying in which of these major areas public health policy would be most effective in terms of improving health. A new conceptual model is proposed that would be used for future policy analyses to assess what changes in health status of populations in LDCs can be expected as direct functions of increased health service resources, and of improved environmental and econosociocultural conditions. While direct policy analysis is ill-advised at this time due to data inadequacy, the model is illustrated using data presently available for twenty-five relatively homogeneous Sub-Sahara African countries. Within the limitations of available data, study findings indicate that while econosociocultural conditions were the most important explanatory factors of the three major independent variables in 1970, health service resources became the most important in 1975. Study findings are inconclusive at this time with regards to the relative contributions of physicians and medical assistants in explaining variances in mortality in these countries. Because of the deficient nature of available data, study findings should be interpreted very cautiously. Tests of statistical significance of study findings were by-passed because of their situational technical inappropriateness. This study is significant in being the first of its kind and scope to focus on the Sub-Sahara African region of the World Health Organization, using the Wroclaw Taxonomic Method in conjunction with a stepwise regression technique. It is desirable, therefore, to examine the observed magnitude and directional consistency of all hypothesized relationships, even if evidence is inconclusive.
AGU, VINCENT UCHENNA, "HEALTH STATUS - HEALTH SERVICE RESOURCES - ECONOSOCIOCULTURAL DEVELOPMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY IN AFRICA" (1981). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8212731.