ALTERATIONS IN HYPOTHALAMIC CONTENT OF LUTEINIZING HORMONE RELEASING HORMONE AND PITUITARY RESPONSIVENESS ASSOCIATED WITH TESTICULAR REGRESSION INDUCED BY PINEAL RELATED TREATMENTS IN THE GOLDEN HAMSTER
The adult male golden hamster, when exposed to blinding (BL), short photoperiod (SP), or daily melatonin injections (MEL) demonstrates dramatic reproductive collapse. This collapse can be blocked by removal of the pineal gland prior to treatment. Reproductive collapse is characterized by a dramatic decrease in both testicular weight and serum gonadotropin titers. The present study was designed to examine the interactions of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland during testicular regression, and to specifically compare and contrast changes caused by the three commonly employed methods of inducing testicular regression (BL,SP,MEL). Hypothalamic LHRH content was altered by all three treatments. There was an initial increase in content of LHRH that occurred concomitantly with the decreased serum gonadotropin titers, followed by a precipitous decline in LHRH content which reflected the rapid increases in both serum LH and FSH which occur during spontaneous testicular recrudescence. In vitro pituitary responsiveness was altered by all three treatments: there was a decline in basal and maximally stimulatable release of both LH and FSH which paralleled the fall of serum gonadotropins. During recrudescence both basal and maximal release dramatically increased in a manner comparable to serum hormone levels. While all three treatments were equally effective in their ability to induce changes at all levels of the endocrine system, there were important temporal differences in the effects of the various treatments. Melatonin injections induced the most rapid changes in endocrine parameters, followed by exposure to short photoperiod. Blinding required the most time to induce the same changes. This study has demonstrated that pineal-mediated testicular regression is a process which involves dynamic changes in multiply-dependent endocrine relationships, and proper evaluation of these changes must be performed with specific temporal events in mind.
JACKSON, FREDRICK LEE, "ALTERATIONS IN HYPOTHALAMIC CONTENT OF LUTEINIZING HORMONE RELEASING HORMONE AND PITUITARY RESPONSIVENESS ASSOCIATED WITH TESTICULAR REGRESSION INDUCED BY PINEAL RELATED TREATMENTS IN THE GOLDEN HAMSTER" (1982). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8226883.