HETEROGENEITY IN VIRUS EXPRESSION, TUMORIGENICITY, AND IN VITRO GROWTH PROPERTIES OF DRUG-RESISTANT CLONES OF AN RIII MOUSE MAMMARY TUMOR CELL LINE
Four 8-azaguanine (AG)-resistant and 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR)-resistant clones of a mouse mammary adenocarcinoma cell line, RIII 7387, were developed and analyzed for their tumorigenic properties, in vitro characteristics, and virus expression. These characteristics were analyzed for relationships of any of the cellular parameters and the ability of these lines to produce tumors in syngeneic animals. The results of this study demonstrated that the parental line consists of a heterogeneous population of cells. Doubling times, saturation densities, and 2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake varied between sublines. In addition, while all sublines were found to express both B-type and C-type viral antigenic markers, levels of the major B-type and C-type viral proteins varied in the subclones. The sublines also differed markedly in their response to the presence of dexamethasone, glutathione, and insulin in the tissue culture medium. Variations in retrovirus expression were convirmed by electron microscopy. Budding and extracellular virus particles were seen in the majority of the cell lines. Virus particles in one of the BUdR-resistant lines, BUD9, were found however, only in inclusions and vacuoles. The AG-resistant subline AGE11 was observed to be rich in intracytoplasmic A particles. The examination of these cell lines for the presence of retroviral RNA-dependent DNA polymerase (RT) activity revealed that some B-type RT activity could be found in the culture fluid of most of the cell lines but that little C-type RT activity could be found suggesting that the C-type virus particles expressed by these RIII clones contain a defective RT. Tumor clones also varied in their ability to form tumors in syngeneic RIII mice. Tumor incidence ranged from 50% to 100%. The majority of the tumors regressed within 30 days post infection. Statistical analysis indicated that while these clones varied in their characteristics, there was no correlation between the ability of these cell lines to form tumors in syngeneic mice and any of the other characteristics examined. These studies have confirmed and extended the growing evidence that tumors, regardless of their natural origin, consist of heterogeneous subpopulations of cells which may vary widely in their in vitro growth behavior, their antigenic expression, and their malignant properties.
ANGEL, JOE MACK, "HETEROGENEITY IN VIRUS EXPRESSION, TUMORIGENICITY, AND IN VITRO GROWTH PROPERTIES OF DRUG-RESISTANT CLONES OF AN RIII MOUSE MAMMARY TUMOR CELL LINE" (1982). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8228093.