PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERIZATION OF SPONTANEOUS AND IN VITRO-MAINTAINED AKR LYMPHOMAS
T-cell lymphomas from AKR mice were studied to determine their potential as a model of T-cell differentiation. Homogeneous tumor cell lines have been used as model to study normal lymphocyte subpopulations, including differentiation lineages, functional properties, and the inducibility to maturation. The underlying concept is that each lymphoid tumor represents a monoclonal neoplastic proliferation of a discrete lymphoid subpopulation arrested at a particular differentiation stage. Individual tumors were analyzed to determine the extent of intertumor heterogeneity, and to determine whether lymphomas represented different thymocyte subsets, by determining the cell-surface antigenic phenotype, PNA-binding capacity, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) activity. Splenic and thymic tumor cells were compared to determine if the particular lymphoid microenvironment influenced T-cell marker expression. Several of the lymphomas were passaged in syngeneic hosts to verify the original tumor phenotype and to assess the stability of the cell surface and TdT phenotype after transplantation. Lymphomas were adapted to in vitro culture to determine whether the T-cell phenotype was maintained in the absence of the host microenvironment. Clonal progeny were analyzed and compared with each other and with parent cell lines to determine the extent of intratumor heterogeneity in this lymphoma system. Parent and cloned cell lines were passaged in vivo to determine whether alterations in surface phenotype occurred after transplantation. Our investigation has verified that most spontaneous AKR lymphomas phenotypically resemble known T-cell subsets, including both immature and mature thymic subpopulations. The in vitro lines, however, expressed a highly unstable phenotype in culture that included loss of Ly-1 and Ly-2 antigen expression. After transplantation in vivo, the in vitro lines exhibited alterations in phenotype, including re-expression of Ly antigen on some lymphomas. The inducibility of T-cell antigen markers on tumor cell lines passaged in vivo suggests that the in vitro lines may serve as a possible model system to study the molecular events involved in gene expression in the T-cell system.
HOWELL, ALEXANDRA LEVINTOW, "PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERIZATION OF SPONTANEOUS AND IN VITRO-MAINTAINED AKR LYMPHOMAS" (1982). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8303406.