EXPOSURE OF PHARMACY PERSONNEL TO ANTINEOPLASTIC DRUGS
This dissertation consists of two parts: (1) Exposure of pharmacy personnel to antineoplastic drugs. The Salmonella reversion test was used to measure the mutagenic activities of urine concentrates from individuals preparing antineoplastic drugs for intravenous administration. Longitudinal studies were performed in which the total urine produced in 24-hour periods was collected, starting on a Sunday at 7 P.M. after a duty-free weekend and extending over an eight-day period. There was no detectable increase in mutagenic activity in the urine concentrates of three pharmacy administrators who had no contact with these drugs. All six individuals admixing drugs in open-faced, horizontal laminar flow hoods displayed a two-fold increase in mutagenesis by the fourth day with peak values of 2.7 to 24-fold occurring on days five and six, reduced values by day seven with a return to the spontaneous level by day eight. When four of the six positive individuals in the preceding experiment admixed comparable amounts of antineoplastic drugs in a closed-faced, vertical laminar flow hood, no increase in mutagenic activity was detected in their urine concentrates over the eight-day period. (2) Estimate of potential carcinogenic risks of antineoplastic drugs. Excision repair is the major repair system that is involved with the elimination of chemically induced DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) lesions. This DNA excision repair capability increases in mammalian species with longer life span such as humans. In this study, the effect of functional DNA excision repair on the mutagenesis invoked by 17 antineoplastic drugs was determined by using a Salmonella/Microsome assay which was expanded to include some uvr('+) counterparts of the excisionless (uvrB) tester strains routinely employed. Although extrapolation cannot be made from bacteria to humans, one should be able to make a qualitative comparison as to which antineoplastic drugs are more potentially carcinogenic to humans based on the effects of excision repair on their mutagenesis in bacteria. The tested antineoplastic drugs were divided into three classes: those requiring excision repair for mutagenesis; those producing nonrepairable genetic damage; and those producing mostly repairable premutational DNA lesions.
NGUYEN, TOT VAN, "EXPOSURE OF PHARMACY PERSONNEL TO ANTINEOPLASTIC DRUGS" (1982). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8316538.