SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION, PURIFICATION AND PROPERTIES OF A CDP-DIACYLGLYCEROL - DEPENDENT PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE SYNTHASE IN BACILLUS LICHENIFORMIS
A CDP-diacylglycerol dependent phosphatidylserine synthase was detected in three species of gram-positive bacilli, viz. Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium; the enzyme in B. licheniformis was studied in detail. The subcellular distribution experiments in cell-free extracts of B. licheniformis using differential centrifugation, sucrose gradient centrifugation and detergent solubilization showed the phosphatidylserine synthase to be tightly associated with the membrane. The enzyme was shown to have an absolute requirement for divalent metal ion for activity with a strong preference for manganese. The enzyme activity was completely dependent upon the addition of CDP-diacylglycerol to the assay system; the role of the liponucleotide was rigorously shown to be that of phosphatidyl donor and not just a detergent-like stimulator. This enzyme was then solubilized from B. licheniformis membranes and purified to near homogeneity. The purification procedure consisted of CDP-diacylglycerol-Sepharose affinity chromatography followed by substrate elution from blue-dextran Sepharose. The purified preparation showed a single band with an apparent minimum molecular weight of 53,000 when subjected to SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The preparation was free of any phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase, CDP-diacylglycerol hydrolase and phosphatidylserine hydrolase activities. The utilization of substrates and formation of products occurred with the expected stoichiometry. Radioisotopic exchange patterns between related substrate and product pairs suggest a sequential BiBi reaction as opposed to the ping-pong mechanism exhibited by the well studied phosphatidylserine synthase of Escherichia coli. Proteolytic digestion of the enzyme yielded a smaller active form of the enzyme (41,000 daltons) which appears to be less prone to aggregation. This has been the first detailed study in a well-defined bacillus species of the enzyme catalyzing the CDP-diacylglycerol-dependent formation of phosphatidylserine; this reaction is the first committed step in the biosynthetic pathway to the major membrane component, phosphatidylethanolamine. Further study of this enzyme may lead to understanding of new mechanisms of phosphatidyl transfer and novel modes of control of phospholipid biosynthetic enzymes.
DUTT, ANURADHA, "SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION, PURIFICATION AND PROPERTIES OF A CDP-DIACYLGLYCEROL - DEPENDENT PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE SYNTHASE IN BACILLUS LICHENIFORMIS" (1983). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8325114.