STUDIES INTO THE MOLECULAR MECHANISMS REGULATING MUSCULAR ATROPHY RESULTING FROM HINDLIMB IMMOBILIZATION IN THE RAT (PROTEIN, SYNTHESIS, RNA)
The purpose of the work performed in this dissertation was to examine some of the possible regulatory mechanisms involved in the initiation of muscular atrophy during periods of decreased muscle utilization resulting from hindlimb immobilization in the rat. A 37% decrease in the rate of total muscle protein synthesis which has been observed to occur in the first 6 h of immobilization contributes significantly to the observed loss of protein during immobilization. The rates of cytochrome c and actin synthesis were determined in adult rat red vastus lateralis and gastrocnemius muscles, respectively, by the constant infusion and incorporation of ('3)H-tyrosine into protein. The fractional synthesis rates of both actin and cytochrome c were significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in the 6th h of hindlimb immobilization. RHA was extracted from adult rat gastrocnemius muscle by modification of the phenol: chloroform: SDS extraction procedures commonly used for preparation of RNA for hybridization analysis from other mammalian tissues. RNA content of rat gastrocnemius muscle, as determined by this method of extraction and its subsequent quantification by UV absorbance and orcinol assay, was significantly greater than the RNA content previously determined for adult rat gastrocnemius by other commonly employed methods. RNA extracted by this method from gastrocnemius muscles of control and 6h immobilized rats was subjected to "dot blot" hybridization to ('32)P-labelled probe from plasmid p749, containing a cDNA sequence complementary to (alpha)-actin mRNA and from rat skeletal muscle. (alpha)-Actin specific mRNA content as estimated by this procedure is not significantly decreased in rat gastrocnemius following 6h or hindlimb immobilization. However, (alpha)-actin specific mRNA content is significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in adult rat gastrocnemius (alpha)-actin specific mRNA is not decreased in adult rat gastrocnemius muscle following 6h of immobilization, a time when actin synthesis is significantly decreased, it is concluded that a change in (alpha)-actin specific mRNA content is not the initiating event responsible for the early decrease in actin synthesis observed in the 6th h of immobilization.
Anatomy & physiology|Animals
WATSON, PETER A, "STUDIES INTO THE MOLECULAR MECHANISMS REGULATING MUSCULAR ATROPHY RESULTING FROM HINDLIMB IMMOBILIZATION IN THE RAT (PROTEIN, SYNTHESIS, RNA)" (1983). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8405468.