INVESTIGATIONS ON THE INTRACELLULAR LOCALIZATION OF PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE SYNTHASE FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI
Phosphatidylserine synthase catalyzes the committed step in the synthesis of the major lipid of Escherichia coli, phosphatidylethanolamine, and may be involved in regulating the balance of the zwitterionic and anionic phospholipids in the membrane. Unlike the other enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of phospholipids in E. coli, phosphatidylserine synthase is not membrane associated but seems to have a high affinity for the ribosomal fraction of cells broken by various methods. Investigations on the enzyme in cell free extracts using glycerol gradient centrifugation revealed that the binding of the synthase to ribosomes may be prevented by the presence of highly basic compounds such as spermidine and by the presence of detergent-lipid substrate micelles under assay conditions. Thus phosphatidylserine synthase may not be ribosome associated under physiological conditions but associated with its membrane bound substrate (Louie and Dowhan (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 1124). In addition homogeneous enzyme shows many of the properties of a membrane associated protein. It binds nonionic detergent such as Triton X-100, which is also required during purification of the enzyme. Optimal catalytic activity is also dependent on micelle or surface bound substrate. Phosphatidylserine synthase has been synthesized in vitro using a coupled transcription-translation system dependent on the presence of the cloned structural gene. The translation product was found to preferentially associate with the ribosomal fraction even in the presence of added E. coli membranes. Preferential membrane binding could be induced if the membranes were supplemented with the lipid substrate CDP-diacylglycerol. Similar effects were obtained with the acidic lipids phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin. On the other hand the zwitterionic lipid phosphatidylethanolamine and the lipid product phosphatidylserine did not cause any detectable membrane association. These results are consistent with the enzyme recognizing membrane bound substrate (Carman and Dowhan (1979) J. Biol. Chem. 254, 8391) and with the lipid charge influencing membrane interaction. Phosphatidylserine synthase is at a branch point in lipid metabolism, which may determine the distribution of the zwitterionic and anionic phospholipids in the membrane. The results obtained here indicate phosphatidylserine synthase may play a significant role in membrane lipid biosynthesis by maintaining charge balance of the E. coli membrane. In determining the localization of phosphatidylserine synthase in vitro one may have a better understanding of its function and control in vivo and may also have a better understanding of its role in membrane assembly.
LOUIE, KATHRYN, "INVESTIGATIONS ON THE INTRACELLULAR LOCALIZATION OF PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE SYNTHASE FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI" (1983). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8405907.