MODULATION OF HOST INTESTINAL MYOELECTRIC ACTIVITY BY LOCAL ANAPHYLAXIS: A COMPONENT OF PROTECTIVE IMMUNITY TO AN ENTERIC PARASITE (TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS, EIMERIA NIESCHULZI, BOWEL MOTILITY)
The hypothesis tested was that rapid rejection of Trichinella spiralis infective larvae from immunized rats following a challenge infection is associated with a local anaphylactic reaction, and this response should be reflected in altered small intestinal motility. The objective was to determine if altered gut smooth muscle function accompanies worm rejection based on the assumption that anaphylaxis in vivo could be detected by changes in intestinal smooth muscle contractile activity (ie. an equivalent of the Schultz-Dale reaction or in vitro anaphylaxis). The aims were to (1) characterize motility changes by monitoring intestinal myoelectric activity in conscious rats during the enteric phase of T. spiralis infection in immunized hosts, (2) detect the onset and magnitude of myoelectric changes caused by challenge infection in immunized rats, (3) determine the parasite stimulus causing changes, and (4) determine the specificity of host response to stimulation. Electrical slow wave frequency, spiking activity, normal interdigestive migrating myoelectric complexes and abnormal migrating action potential complexes were measured. Changes in myoelectric parameters induced by larvae inoculated into the duodenum of immune hosts differed from those associated with primary infection with respect to time of onset, magnitude and duration. Myoelectric changes elicited by live larvae could not be reproduced by inoculation of hosts with dead larvae, larval excretory-secretory products, or by challenge with a heterologous parasite, Eimeria nieschulzi. These results indicate that (1) local anaphylaxis is a component of the initial response to T. spiralis in immune hosts, since the rapid onset of altered smooth muscle function parallels in time the expression of rapid rejection of infective larvae, and (2) an active mucosal penetration attempt by the worm is necessary to elicit this host response. These findings provide evidence that worm rejection is a consequence of, or sequel to, an immediate hypersensitivity reaction elicited when parasites attempt to invade the gut mucosa of immunized hosts.
Anatomy & physiology|Animals
PALMER, JEFFREY MICHAEL, "MODULATION OF HOST INTESTINAL MYOELECTRIC ACTIVITY BY LOCAL ANAPHYLAXIS: A COMPONENT OF PROTECTIVE IMMUNITY TO AN ENTERIC PARASITE (TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS, EIMERIA NIESCHULZI, BOWEL MOTILITY)" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8417000.