TUMOR PROGRESSION: ANALYSIS OF THE INSTABILITY OF THE METASTATIC PHENOTYPE, SENSITIVITY TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPY (PHENOTYPIC DRIFT, BREAST CANCER)
The major complications for tumor therapy are (i) tumor spread (metastasis); (ii) the mixed nature of tumors (heterogeneity); and (iii) the capacity of tumors to evolve (progress). To study these tumor characteristics, the rat 13762NF mammary adenocarcinoma was cloned and studied for metastatic properties and sensitivities to therapy (chemotherapy, radiation and hyperthermia). The cell clones were heterogeneous and no correlation between metastatic potential and therapeutic sensitivities was observed. Further, these phenotypes were unstable during passage in vitro; yet, the changes were clone dependent and reproducible using different cryoprotected cell stocks. To understand the phenotypic instability, subclones were isolated from low and high passage cell clones. Each subclone possessed a unique composite phenotype. Again, no apparent correlation was seen between metastatic potential and sensitivity to therapy. The results demonstrated that (1) tumor cells are heterogeneous for multiple phenotypes; (2) tumor cells are unstable for multiple phenotypes; (3) the magnitude, direction and time of occurrence of phenotypic drift is clone dependent; (4) the sensitivity of cell clones to ionizing radiation (gamma or heat) and chemotherapy agents is independent of their metastatic potential; (5) shifts in metastatic potential and sensitivity to therapy may occur simultaneously but are not linked; and (6) tumor cells independently diverge to form several subpopulations with unique phenotypic profiles.
WELCH, DANNY RAY, "TUMOR PROGRESSION: ANALYSIS OF THE INSTABILITY OF THE METASTATIC PHENOTYPE, SENSITIVITY TO RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPY (PHENOTYPIC DRIFT, BREAST CANCER)" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8419089.