DNA-DAMAGING REACTIONS OF NEOCARZINOSTATIN (ANTIBIOTICS, DNA REPAIR, CYTOTOXICITY)
Sensitive assays utilizing a cell-free and an intracellular system were employed to study the molecular bases of the DNA-damaging reactions of neocarzinostatin (NCS). In the cell-free DNA system, super-helical form I DNA from the bacteriophage PM2 was used as the substrate. The three forms of DNA present after treatment with NCS were separated by agarose gel electrophoresis. When NCS-damaged DNA was assayed under neutral conditions, there was a progressive decrease in the amount of surviving form I DNA and a corresponding increase in form II (nicked, relaxed circular) DNA, but very little increase in form III (linear duplex) DNA. This indicates that NCS introduces primarily single-strand breaks. However later studies showed that there were some site-specific double-strand breaks mediated by NCS on PM2 DNA. Seven such specific sites were mapped on the PM2 genome. When the damage was assayed under nondenaturing alkaline conditions or with the apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease IV, there was a slightly greater decrease in the amount of surviving form I DNA compared with neutral conditions indicating the presence of some alkali-labile sites. NCS-mediated DNA damage and repair were examined with cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells using either alkaline elution for analysis of single-strand breaks or neutral elution for analysis of double-strand breaks. Most of the strand breaks introduced by NCS were capable of being rejoined. However, there was a small amount of residual DNA damage remaining unrejoined at 24-hr after removal of the drug. The amount of residual DNA damage was higher in a CHO mutant cell line (EM9) having a higher sensitivity to killing by NCS than its parental strain (AA8). Other lesions, DNA-protein complexes and alkali-labile sites, were detected after NCS treatment but they constituted only a small fraction of the DNA damage. Based on the above information, it can be postulated that NCS introduces some very lethal DNA damage. It is likely that the lethal lesions are a subset of the total DNA lesions representing the residual DNA damage. This DNA damage may be composed of site-specific, unrejoinable double-strand breaks and are thus the primary lesion leading to NCS-mediated lethality.
KUO, WEN-LIN, "DNA-DAMAGING REACTIONS OF NEOCARZINOSTATIN (ANTIBIOTICS, DNA REPAIR, CYTOTOXICITY)" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8419090.