BIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MURINE-TUMOR SPECIFIC TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS (ISOTACHOPHORESIS, IMMUNOGENICITY)
Tumor-specific transplantation antigens (TSTA) are individually distinct neoantigens expressed on the cells of chemically-induced neoplasms. TSTA are operationally defined by immunization of syngeneic mice against challenge with viable tumor cells. Immunization with cell surface or extracted TSTA induces specific resistance to transplanted tumor cells. The biological and biochemical nature of TSTA was investigated in the 3-methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcomas of female C3H/HeJ mice, MCA-F and MCA-D. Tumor cell suspensions were extracted by treatment with 3M KCl or 2.5% butanol solutions and the TSTA was partially purified by preparative isoelectric focusing. The isoelectric pH of TSTA purified from 3M KCl extracts was 5.8-6.0, and from butanol extracts was 6.4-6.6. Whereas immunization with 10('5) and 10('6) irradiated tumor cells induces complete rejection of tumor cell challenge over a two-fold-log dose range, immunization with ug quantities within a one-fold-log dose range of extracted TSTA induces only partial resistance to tumor challenge. Reduced immunogenicity of extracted TSTA is hypothesized to result from immunization of mice with insufficiently purified TSTA preparations. The hypothesis predicts that immunization with highly purified TSTA, free from interfering substances, induces complete rejection of tumor challenge over a broad dose range. To test the hypothesis preparative isotachophoresis (pITP) was used to purify TSTA from electrofocused TSTA fractions. Significant purification was achieved, as immunization with 15 pg to 1.5 ug (5 logs) of pITP-purified TSTA extracted from the MCA-F, or with 1 pg to 10 ng (4 logs) of TSTA from the MCA-D tumor induced specific resistance to tumor challenge. Despite 50,000 fold purification of TSTA, immunization induced partial, not complete, rejection of transplanted tumor cells. This suggests a clear dissociation of the immunogenicity and purification of extracted TSTA, indicating that the induction of partial immunity to tumor challenge is an intrinsic property of extracted TSTA.
SAUNDERS, THOMAS LEE, "BIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MURINE-TUMOR SPECIFIC TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS (ISOTACHOPHORESIS, IMMUNOGENICITY)" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8419091.