AN EMPIRICAL ESTIMATION OF MEDICAL AND NON-MEDICAL INPUTS IN THE PRODUCTION OF CARDIO-RESPIRATORY PHYSICAL HEALTH STATUS
The purpose of this study was to examine, in the context of an economic model of health production, the relationship between inputs (health influencing activities) and fitness. Primary data were collected from 204 employees of a large insurance company at the time of their enrollment in an industrially-based health promotion program. The inputs of production included medical care use, exercise, smoking, drinking, eating, coronary disease history, and obesity. The variables of age, gender and education known to affect the production process were also examined. Two estimates of fitness were used; self-report and a physiologic estimate based on exercise treadmill performance. Ordinary least squares and two-stage least squares regression analyses were used to estimate the fitness production functions. In the production of self-reported fitness status the coefficients for the exercise, smoking, eating, and drinking production inputs, and the control variable of gender were statistically significant and possessed theoretically correct signs. In the production of physiologic fitness exercise, smoking and gender were statistically significant. Exercise and gender were theoretically consistent while smoking was not. Results are compared with previous analyses of health production.
OPTENBERG, SCOTT ARTHUR, "AN EMPIRICAL ESTIMATION OF MEDICAL AND NON-MEDICAL INPUTS IN THE PRODUCTION OF CARDIO-RESPIRATORY PHYSICAL HEALTH STATUS" (1983). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8419879.