REGULATION OF CYTOSKELETAL ASSEMBLY: A STUDY OF THE INTERACTION OF FILAMIN AND F-ACTIN
Filamin is a high molecular weight (2 x 250,000) actin crosslinking protein found in a wide variety of cells and tissues. The most striking feature of filamin is its ability to crosslink F-actin filaments and cause ATP-independent gelation and contraction of F-actin solutions. The gelation of actin filaments by filamin involves binding to actin and crosslinking of the filaments by filamin self-association. In order to understand the role of filamin-actin interactions in the regulation of cytoskeletal assembly, two approaches were used. First, the structural relationship between self-association and actin-binding was examined using proteolytic fragments of filamin. Treatment of filamin with papain generated two major fragments, 90Kd and 180Kd. Upon incubation of the papain digest with F-actin and centrifugation at 100,000 x g, only the 180Kd fragment co-sedimented with F-actin. The binding of the 180Kd fragment, P180, was similar to native filamin in its sensitivity to ionic strength. Analytical gel filtration studies indicated that, unlike native filamin, P180 was monomeric and did not self-associate. Thermolysin treatment of P180 produced a 170Kd fragment, PT170, which no longer bound and co-sedimented with F-actin. These results suggested that filamin contained a discrete actin-binding domain. In order to locate the actin-binding domain, affinity purified antibodies to the papain and thermolysin sensitive regions of filamin were used in conjunction with filamin fragments generated by digestion with S. aureus V8 protease and elastase. The results indicated that the papain and thermolysin cleavage sites were close together, and, most likely, within 10Kd of one another. Taken together, these data suggest that filamin contains a discrete, internal actin-binding domain. The second approach was to use the non-crosslinking fragment P180 to develop a quantitative assay of filamin-actin binding. The binding of ('14)C-carboxyalkylated P180 was examined using the co-sedimentation assay. ('14)C-P180 binding to actin was equivalent to that of unlabelled P180 and exhibited comparable sensitivity of binding to changes in ionic strength. Within 5 min. of incubation the process had reached equilibrium. The specificity of binding was shown by the lack of binding of ('14)C-PT170. The binding of ('14)C-P180 was found to be a reversible and saturable process, with a K(,d) of 2 x 10('-7) M. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of author.) UMI
CORNWELL, MARILYN MCCONNELL, "REGULATION OF CYTOSKELETAL ASSEMBLY: A STUDY OF THE INTERACTION OF FILAMIN AND F-ACTIN" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8425555.