THE ROLE OF B CELLS IN THE T CELL DEPENDENT RELEASE OF HUMAN B CELL GROWTH FACTOR
Quiescent human B cells are postulated to go through activation and proliferation phases before undergoing differentiative phase for immunoglobulin secretion. The present studies address some of the aspects of activation and proliferation phase of normal human B cells. The definitions of signals responsible for B cell activation and proliferation resulted in the development of a highly specific, reproducible B cell growth factor (BCGF) assay. This BCGF bioassay utilizes activation by rabbit anti-human IgM-antibody. The functional specificity of this assay for measuring BCGF activity was demonstrated by the finding that target B cells proliferated but did not differentiate. The factor specificity was determined by specific absorption of BCGF by anti-IgM activated B cells. This assay was utilized for the studies of T-B cell collaboration and the essential function of monocytes in the production and/or release of B cell growth factor in a syngeneic in vitro system. It is apparent that highly purified T cells are poor producers of BCGF by themselves and require monocytes to secrete significant quantities of BCGF upon PHA stimulation. Macrophage soluble factor, Interleukin 1, is capable of replacing monocyte function for the release of BCGF by activated T cells. In our studies, B cells are incapable to function as accessory cells to replace monocyte function. Normal B cells are also not capable of producing BCGF under our experimental observations. However, the addition of these B cells at an optimum cell density (T:B ratio 1:1) doubles the monocyte dependent release of BCGF by syngeneic T cells. The augmentative role of B cells is expanded to understand the mechanism of BCGF release by T cells. It is observed from our studies that DR antigen of B cell surface is involved in the release of BCGF. The functional difference between DR of B cells and monocytes is observed as IL-1 could replace DR-treated monocytes whereas failed to replace DR-treated B cells for the release of BCGF by T cells. This functional difference may be attributed to the reported microheterogeneity in DR of B cells and monocytes. The addition of irradiated B cells increased the monocyte dependent T cell proliferation, suggesting the increase of T cell pool for BCGF release. In summary, the development of a biological assay specific for B cell growth factor led to the delineation of an interesting role of B cells in the release of its own growth factor by T cells. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of author.) UMI
MEHTA, SHASHIKANT RATILAL, "THE ROLE OF B CELLS IN THE T CELL DEPENDENT RELEASE OF HUMAN B CELL GROWTH FACTOR" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8428716.