BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND GENETIC MAPPING OF WILD TYPE AND MUTANT GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE ALLELES IN CHINESE HAMSTER OVARY CELLS
A UV-induced mutation of the enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPD) was characterized in the CHO clone A24. The asymmetric 4-banded zymogram and an in vitro GAPD activity equal to that of wild type cells were not consistent with models of a mutant heterozygote producing equal amounts of wild type and either catalytically active or inactive mutant subunits that interacted randomly. Cumulative evidence indicated that the site of the mutation was the GAPD structural locus expressed in CHO wild type cells, and that the mutant allele coded for a subunit that differed from the wild type subunit in stability and kinetics. The evidence included the appearance of a fifth band, the putative mutant homotetramer, after addition of the substrate glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (GAP) to the gel matrix; dilution experiments indicating stability differences between the subunits; experiments with subsaturating levels of GAP indicating differences in affinity for the substrate; GAPD zymograms of A24 x mouse hybrids that were consistent with the presence of two distinct A24 subunits; independent segregation of A24 wild type and mutant electrophoretic bands from the hybrids, which was inconsistent with models of mutation of a locus involved in posttranslational modification; the mapping of both wild type and mutant forms of GAPD to chromosome 8; and the failure to detect any evidence of posttranslational modification (of other A24 isozymes, or through mixing of homogenates of A24 and mouse). The extent of skewing of the zymogram toward the wild type band, and the unreduced in vitro activity were inconsistent with models based solely on differences in activity of the two subunits. Comparison of wild type homotetramer bands in wild type cells and A24 suggested the latter had a preponderance of wild type subunits over mutant subunits, and had more GAPD tetramers than did CHO controls. Two CHO linkages, GAPD-triose phosphate isomerase, and acid phosphatase 2-adenosine deaminase were reported provisionally, and several others were confirmed.
GREENSPAN, JEFFREY ALAN, "BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND GENETIC MAPPING OF WILD TYPE AND MUTANT GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE ALLELES IN CHINESE HAMSTER OVARY CELLS" (1983). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8500976.