STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE TRANSCRIPTION PRODUCTS OF A TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE PHENOTYPIC MUTANT OF MOLONEY SARCOMA VIRUS--MUSV TS110
Cells infected with a temperature sensitive phenotypic mutant of Moloney sarcoma virus (MuSVts110) exhibit a transformed phenotype at 33('(DEGREES)) and synthesize two virus specific proteins, p85('gag-mos), a gag-mos fusion protein and p58('gag), a truncated gag precursor protein (the gag gene codes for viral structural proteins and mos is the MuSV transforming gene). At 39('(DEGREES)) only p58('gag) is synthesized and the morphology of the cells is similar to uninfected NRK parental cells. Two MuSVts110 specific RNAs are made in MuSVts110-infected cells, one of 4.0 kb in length, the other of 3.5 kb. Previous work indicated that each of these RNAs arose by a single central deletion of parental MuSV genetic material, and that p58('gag) was made by the 4.0 kb RNA and p85('gag-mos) from the 3.5 kb RNA. The objective of my dissertation research was to map precisely the deletion boundaries of both of the MuSVts110 RNAs, and to determine the proper reading frame across both deletion borders. This work succeeded in arriving at the following conclusions: (a) Using S-1 nuclease analysis and primer extension sequencing, it was found that the 4.0 kb MuSVts110 RNA arose by a 1488 base deletion of 5.2 kb parental MuSV genomic RNA. This deletion resulted in an out of frame fusion of the gag and mos genes that resulted in the formation of a "stop" codon which causes termination of translation just beyond the c-terminus of the gag region. Thus, this RNA can only be translated into the truncated gag protein p58('gag). (b) S-1 analysis of RNA from cells cultivated at different temperatures demonstrated that the 4.0 kb RNA was synthesized at all temperatures but that synthesis of the 3.5 kb RNA was temperature sensitive. These observations supported the data derived from blot hybridization experiments the interpretation of which argued for the existence of a single provirus in MuSVts110 infected cells, and hence only a single primary transcript (the 4.0 kb RNA). (c) Analyses similar to those described in (a) above showed that the 3.5 kb RNA was derived from the 4.0 kb MuSVts110 RNA by a further deletion of 431 bases, fusing the gag and mos genes into a continuous reading frame capable of directing synthesis of the p85('gag-mos) protein. These sequence data and the presence of only one MuSVts110-specific provirus, indicate that a splice mechanism is employed to generate the 3.5 kb RNA since the gag and mos genes are observed to be fused in frame in this RNA. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of author.) UMI
NASH, MICHEAL ALLEN, "STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE TRANSCRIPTION PRODUCTS OF A TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE PHENOTYPIC MUTANT OF MOLONEY SARCOMA VIRUS--MUSV TS110" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8501206.