A DERMATOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF SYNTHETIC PYRETHROID INSECTICIDES (PARESTHESIA, FENVALERATE, PERMETHRIN)
In this investigation, differences in parasthesia were detected by human participants between synthetic pyrethroids with a cyano group in the (S)-configuration of the 3-phenoxybenzyl alcohol of their molecular structure (fenvalerate) and those that do not (permethrin). A strong relationship was noted between insecticidal potency and degree of induced cutaneous sensation for the alpha-cyano and non-cyano pyrethroids, with a prominent difference between the two. A linear correlation between concentration and degree of induced dysesthesia was observed for both pyrethroids. Regressing the cutaneous sensation on the common logarithm of concentration resulted in a regression equation of Y = 84.0 + 31.0X(,1) for fenvalerate and Y = 27.5 + 15.8X(,1) for permethrin. An evaluation for dermal cytotoxicity in albino rabbits yielded a slight increase in cutaneous perfusion as indicated both visually and by laser Doppler velocimetry. However, no significant difference was detected in edema or thermal variation. Histopathological alterations were minimal after repeated daily applications with the majority of changes involving acanthosis. A highly efficacious therapeutic agent for pyrethroid exposure was noted to be dl-alpha tocopherol acetate. An impressive degree of inhibition of parasthesia resulted from the topical application of vitamin E acetate, with a therapeutic index of almost 100%.
FLANNIGAN, STEPHEN ALAN, "A DERMATOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF SYNTHETIC PYRETHROID INSECTICIDES (PARESTHESIA, FENVALERATE, PERMETHRIN)" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8505173.