THE OCCURRENCE OF GROUP G STREPTOCOCCUS IN THE DOMESTIC CAT: COMPARISON OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GROUP G STREPTOCOCCUS ISOLATED FROM HUMANS AND CATS
The occurrence of group G streptococci in cats and evaluation of the recovered organisms as potential human pathogens was investigated. Throat swabs were obtained from 89 cats (47 males and 42 females) and vaginal swabs from 39 female cats. Eighty-three of the examined cats were housed in individual cages at a University Animal Care Facility. Six cats, 2 mature males, 2 mature females and 2 young females were family pets in a rural area. Beta-hemolytic streptococci were recovered from 33 (37%) of the 89 cat throats cultured, and 27 (30.3%) were identified as group G. More males (34%) than females (24%) had throat cultures positive for group G. From the 39 vaginal cultures examined, 24 (61.5%) contained beta-hemolytic streptococci and 23 (58.9%) were identified as group G streptococci. Streptococci were not recovered from the vaginal cultures of the 5 females under 6 months of age. Thirty one group G streptococci isolated from cats were compared with 37 isolates of group G obtained from humans (health status or site of origin unknown). More group G cat isolates (81%) produced deoxyribonuclease (DNase) than did the human isolates (36%). The proportion of cat throat and vaginal isolates producing DNase was the same. Production of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide glycohydrolase (NADase) by group G isolates of human origin was 70%, cat throat isolates 53% and cat vaginal isolates 37%. The Serum Opacity Factor was present in 73% of the cat throat isolates of group G, 43.7% of the cat vaginal isolates and 58.6% of the human isolates. Possession of an anti-phagocytic factor (M protein like substance) demonstrated by the ability to multiply in fresh human blood was greater in the group G from cat throats (46.7%) than from cat vagina (37.5%) or from the human isolates (13.5%). Many of the biochemical characteristics of the group G streptococci of cat origin were more similar to the biochemical characteristics of group A streptococci, than to the characteristics of group G of human origin. The group G streptococci, found in a large number of cats, could be potential human pathogens, as their physiological and biological characteristics are very similar to those of group A, a known human pathogen.
REITMEYER, JAMES C, "THE OCCURRENCE OF GROUP G STREPTOCOCCUS IN THE DOMESTIC CAT: COMPARISON OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF GROUP G STREPTOCOCCUS ISOLATED FROM HUMANS AND CATS" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8505180.