SAMPLING METHODOLOGY FOR AIRBORNE SEMIVOLATILE ORGANIC POLLUTANTS USING POLYURETHANE FOAMS (COLLECTION, PESTICIDES, VOLATILE)
Indoor and ambient air organic pollutants have been gaining attention because they have been measured at levels with possible health effects. Studies have shown that most airborne polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), pesticides and many polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are present in the free vapor state. The purpose of this research was to extend recent investigative work with polyurethane foam (PUF) as a collection medium for semivolatile compounds. Open-porous flexible PUFs with different chemical makeup and physical properties were evaluated as to their collection affinities/efficiencies for various classes of compounds and the degree of sample recovery. Filtered air samples were pulled through plugs of PUF spiked with various semivolatiles under different simulated environmental conditions (temperature and humidity), and sampling parameters (flow rate and sample volume) in order to measure their effects on sample breakthrough volume (V(,B)). PUF was also evaluated in the passive mode using organo-phosphorus pesticides. Another major goal was to improve the overall analytical methodology; PUF is inexpensive, easy to handle in the field and has excellent airflow characteristics (low pressure drop). It was confirmed that the PUF collection apparatus behaves as if it were a gas-solid chromatographic system, in that, (V(,B)) was related to temperature and sample volume. Breakthrough volumes were essentially the same using both polyether and polyester type PUF. Also, little change was observed in the V(,B)s after coating PUF with common chromatographic liquid phases. Open cell (reticulated) foams gave better recoveries than closed cell foams. There was a slight increase in (V(,B)) with an increase in the number of cells/pores per inch. The high-density polyester PUF was found to be an excellent passive and active collection adsorbent. Good recoveries could be obtained using just solvent elution. A gas chromatograph equipped with a photoionization detector gave excellent sensitivities and selectivities for the various classes of compounds investigated.
STEVENS, FRANK DAVID, "SAMPLING METHODOLOGY FOR AIRBORNE SEMIVOLATILE ORGANIC POLLUTANTS USING POLYURETHANE FOAMS (COLLECTION, PESTICIDES, VOLATILE)" (1984). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8505183.