CHARACTERIZATION OF SERINE KINASE ACTIVITY ASSOCIATED WITH MOLONEY MURINE SARCOMA VIRUS V-MOS GENE PRODUCTS
Various Moloney murine sarcoma virus (Mo-MuSV) isolates contain a cellular sequence, termed mos, which is responsible for the transforming ability of Mo-MuSV. A serine kinase activity has been found to be associated with mos gene products of several isolates of Mo-MuSV. A mutant of Mo-MuSV strain 124 (designated MuSV ts110) is temperature-sensitive (ts) for transformation and encodes two proteins, P85('gag-mos) (an 85,000 M(,r) protein encoded by the gag and mos genes) and P58('gag), at the permissive temperature (28(DEGREES)C). At the nonpermissive temperature (39(DEGREES)C), only P58('gag) is found in MuSV ts110-infected NRK cells (6m2 cells). Both P85('gag-mos) and P58('gag) were phosphorylated when anti-gag immune complexes containing these proteins were incubated at 22(DEGREES)C with (lamda)-('32)P -ATP and MnCl(,2). The kinase detected in anti-gag complexes from 6m2 cells at permissive temperature was associated with P85('gag-mos) since immune complexes from 39(DEGREES)C 6m2 cells, which lack P85('gag-mos), produced no phosphorylated P58('gag) molecules. In addition, an anti-mos complex (anti-mos 37-55 complexes) allowed in vitro phosphorylation of P85('gag-mos) in the absence of P58('gag). No kinase activity was detectable with other gag gene products (e.g., Mo-MuSV-124 P62('gag)), suggesting that the P85('gag-mos) kinase activity was present within the mos portion of the protein. The P85('gag-mos) kinase activity was very thermolabile upon shifting 6m2 cells from permissive to nonpermissive temperatures (t(, 1/2) for inactivation = 5 min). In contrast, a spontaneous revertant of MuSV ts110 encodes a larger gag-mos protein (termed P100('gag-mos)) which contained a kinase activity stable to 39(DEGREES)C. Using the optimal conditions developed for the P85('gag-mos) kinase, Mo-MuSV-encoded p37('mos) was also found to be associated with a serine kinase activity. Phosphorylation of p37('mos) and a 43 Kd protein (super-phosphorylated p37('mos)) occurred in anti-mos(37-55) complexes from Mo-MuSV-124 acutely-infected NIH 3T3 cells, but neither in mos 37-55 peptide-blocked anti-mos(37-55) complexes nor in immune complexes from uninfected NIH 3T3 cells. Antibodies directed against the C-terminus of v-mos were found to inhibit the in vitro phosphorylation of p37('mos), suggesting that the extreme C-terminal sequence of v-mos may be important for an intrinsic kinase activity. This inhibitory action by antibodies to the C-terminus of p37('mos), when considered with all the other data reported here, provides convincing evidence that the v-mos gene encodes a serine protein kinase activity.
MAXWELL, STEVE ALLEN, "CHARACTERIZATION OF SERINE KINASE ACTIVITY ASSOCIATED WITH MOLONEY MURINE SARCOMA VIRUS V-MOS GENE PRODUCTS" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8513541.