REGULATION OF BRAIN NORADRENERGIC-RECEPTOR FUNCTION BY ADRENOCORTICOTROPHIN AND ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS (ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR, CYCLIC-AMP, ADENYLATE CYCLASE, IMIPRAMINE, STRESS)
Human behavior appears to be regulated in part by noradrenergic transmission since antidepressant drugs modify the number and function of (beta)-adrenergic receptors in the central nervous system. Affective illness is also known to be associated with the endocrine system, particularly the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether hormones, in particular adrencorticotrophin (ACTH) and corticosterone, may influence behavior by regulating brain noradrenergic receptor function. Chronic treatment with ACTH accelerated the increase or decrease in rat brain (beta)-adrenergic receptor number induced by a lesion of the dorsal noradrenergic bundle or treatment with the antidepressant imipramine. Chronic administration of ACTH alone had no effect on (beta)-receptor number although it reduced norepinephrine stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in brain slices. Treatment with imipramine also reduced the cyclic AMP response to norepinephrine but was accompanied by a decrease in (beta)-adrenergic receptor number. Both the imipramine and ACTH treatments reduced the affinity of (beta)-adrenergic receptors for norepinephrine, but only the antidepressant modified the potency of the neurotransmitter to stimulate second messenger production. Neither ACTH nor imipramine treatment altered Gpp(NH)p- or fluoride-stimulated adenylate cyclase, cyclic AMP, cyclic GMP, or cyclic GMP-stimulated cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase, or the activity of the guanine nucleotide binding protein (Gs). These findings suggested that post-receptor components of the cyclic nucleotide generating system are not influenced by the hormone or antidepressant. This conclusion was verified by the finding that neither treatment altered adenosine-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in brain tissue. A detailed examination of the (alpha)- and (beta)-adrenergic receptor components of norepinephrine-stimulated cyclic AMP production revealed that ACTH, but not imipramine, administration reduced the contribution of the (alpha)-receptor mediated response. Like ACTH treatment, corticosterone diminished the (alpha)-adrenergic component indicating that adrenal steroids probably mediate the neurochemical responses to ACTH administration. The data indicate that adrenal steroids and antidepressants decrease noradrenergic receptor function by selectively modifying the (alpha)- and (beta)-receptor components. The functional similarity in the action of the steroid and antidepressants suggests that adrenal hormones normally contribute to the maintenance of receptor systems which regulate affective behavior in man.
DUMAN, RONALD STANTON, "REGULATION OF BRAIN NORADRENERGIC-RECEPTOR FUNCTION BY ADRENOCORTICOTROPHIN AND ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS (ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR, CYCLIC-AMP, ADENYLATE CYCLASE, IMIPRAMINE, STRESS)" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8516513.