FUNCTIONAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ADHESION DEFECTIVE CHINESE HAMSTER OVARY CELLS
Cell adhesion is an intricate process involving adhesion promoting ligands such as laminin and fibronectin, surface receptors for these ligands and a complex interplay of metabolic and cytoskeletal events (Geiger, BBA 737:305, 1983). Although considerable effort has been directed towards studying adhesion molecules such as fibronectin (Fn), very little is known about the mechanisms regulating the complex process of adhesion. I chose to use a CHO adhesion variant clone called AD('v)F11 as a tool to study the various steps which may be involved in adhesion. AD('v)F11 cells unlike wild type (WT), do not adhere to Fn-coated substrata, but will adhere to substrata coated with other extracellular components (Harper and Juliano, J Cell Biol. 91:647, 1981). I have found that although AD('v)F11 cells can bind Fn-coated latex beads to the same extent as WT cells, AD('v)F11 cells also differed from WT cells in that they did not aggregate in the presence of Fn-beads nor internalize Fn-beads. The defect in bead induced cell aggregation and internalization seem to be specific to Fn since lectin coated beads could aggregate AD('v)F11 cells as well as WT cells, and AD('v)F11 cells can also readily internalize lectins. These observations suggest that the defect associated with AD('v)F11 cells is distal to the initial binding to Fn to its cell surface receptor. To further investigate the biochemical defect associated with AD('v)F11 cells, a panel of compounds were examined for their ability to correct the non-adhesive phenotype of AD('v)F11 cells. Among the compounds tested, only those known to increase intracellular cAMP levels were found to be effective in correcting the adhesion defect of F11CA11 cells, a subclone of AD('v)F11 cells. Since cAMP effects in eukaryotic cells are mediated through phosphorylation events by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAdPK) system, the phosphorylation pattern and cAdPK system of the F11CA11 cells were analyzed. Comparison between the phosphorylation pattern of intact untreated F11CA11 and WT cells, revealed the presence of a 50 kd phosphoprotein(s) in WT cells but not in F11CA11 cells. Results presented in this dissertation strongly indicate that the adhesion defect in F11CA11 is associated to an altered type I cAdPK that can be corrected by raising intracellular cAMP levels. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
CHEUNG, ESTHER, "FUNCTIONAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ADHESION DEFECTIVE CHINESE HAMSTER OVARY CELLS" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8521550.