EPIDEMIOLOGIC TRENDS OF LUNG DISEASE DUE TO MYCOBACTERIA KANSASII AND AVIUM-INTRACELLULARE IN TEXAS, 1977-1983
This study compared the reported isolations of Mycobacterium kansasii (MK) and Myobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) between 1977-1983 in Texas. A total of 15,395 mycobacterial cases were identified of which 1,352 (8.8%) were MK or MAI. The incidence of MK was higher in urban areas than nonurban areas (p < .005). The incidence of MAI has increased in the Dallas metroplex from 34 cases to 251 for the same time period. Although the number of MK cases previously reported has always exceeded those of MAI, the numbers were equal in the last year (1983) of the study. More than 75% of patients with MK or MAI were Caucasians compared to only 18% of patients with MTB. Male to female ratios for MK and MAI are 3:1 and 3:2, respectively. The age distribution of MK patients were an average of 5 years younger than patients with MAI, a finding which concurs with previous studies. MK and MAI pulmonary infections continue to be absent among children and relatively absent among Hispanics. MK appears to be associated with occupations in construction, whereas MAI is more often associated with farm work.
MAMMO, ALEMU N, "EPIDEMIOLOGIC TRENDS OF LUNG DISEASE DUE TO MYCOBACTERIA KANSASII AND AVIUM-INTRACELLULARE IN TEXAS, 1977-1983" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8601798.