CHROMOSOMAL MAPPING, LINKAGE RELATIONSHIPS, AND EVOLUTIONARY STUDIES OF THE HUMAN ANONYMOUS DNA CLONE D1S1 (IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION, PRIMATES, GENE MAPPING, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA, GENE DUPLICATION)
D1S1, an anonymous human DNA clone originally called (lamda)Ch4-H3 or (lamda)H3, was the first single copy mapped to a human chromosome (1p36) by in situ hybridization. The chromosomal assignment has been confirmed in other laboratories by repeating the in situ hybridization but not by another method. In the present study, hybridization to a panel of hamster-human somatic cell hybrids revealed copies of D1S1 on both chromosomes 1 and 3. Subcloning D1S1 showed that the D1S1 clone itself is from chromosome 3, and the sequence detected by in situ hybridization is at least two copies of part of the chromosome 3 copy. This finding demonstrates the importance of verifying gene mapping with two methods and questions the accuracy of in situ hybridization mapping. Non-human mammals have only one copy of D1S1, and the non-human primate D1S1 map closely resembles the human chromosome 3 copy. Thus, the human chromosome 1 copies appear to be part of a very recent duplication that occurred after the divergence between humans and the other great apes. A moderately informative HindIII D1S1 RFLP was mapped to chromosome 3. This marker and 12 protein markers were applied to a linkage study of autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP). None of the markers proved linkage, but adding the three families examined to previously published data raises the ADRP:Rh lod score to 1.92 at (THETA) = 0.30.
GOODE, MAUREEN ELIZABETH, "CHROMOSOMAL MAPPING, LINKAGE RELATIONSHIPS, AND EVOLUTIONARY STUDIES OF THE HUMAN ANONYMOUS DNA CLONE D1S1 (IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION, PRIMATES, GENE MAPPING, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA, GENE DUPLICATION)" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8602021.