ANAPHYLACTICALLY - MEDIATED EPITHELIAL CHLORINE ION SECRETORY RESPONSE INISOLATED JEJUNUM OF PARASITIZED GUINEA PIGS (TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS)
Electrophysiological studies were conducted to test the hypothesis that alterations in intestinal epithelial function are associated with immunological responses directed against the enteric parasite, Trichinella spirals. Trichinella antigens were used to challenge sensitized jejunum from infected guinea pigs while monitoring ion transport properties of the tissue in an Ussing-type chamber. The addition of antigen caused increases in transepithelial PD and I(,sc) that were rapidly induced, peaked at 1.5 to 2 min after antigen-challenge, and lasted 10 to 20 min thereafter. The increase in I(,sc) ((DELTA)I(,sc)) varied in a dose-dependent manner until a maximal increase of 40 (mu)A/cm('2) was obtained by the addition of 13 (mu)g of antigenic protein per ml of serosal fluid in the Ussing chamber. Trichinella antigen did not elicit alterations in either PD or I(,sc) of nonimmune tissue. Jejunal tissue from guinea pigs immunized with ovalbumin according to a protocol that stimulated homocytotropic antibody production responded electrically to challenge with ovalbumin but not trichinella antigen. Jejunal tissue which was passively sensitized with immune serum having a passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) titer of 32 for both IgE and IgG(,1) anti-trichinella anti-bodies responded electrically after exposure to trichinella antigen. Heat treatment of immune serum abolished the anti-trichinella IgE titer as determined by the PCA test but did not decrease either the electrical response of passively sensitized tissue to antigen or the anaphylactically mediated intestinal smooth muscle contractile response to antigen in the classical Schultz-Dale assay. These results strongly support the hypothesis that immunological responses directed against Trichinella Spiralis alter intestinal epithelial function and suggest that immediate hypersensitivity is the immunological basis of the response. Additional studies were performed to test the hypothesis that histamine and prostaglandins that are released from mucosal mast cells during IgE or IgG(,1) - antigen stimulated degranulation mediate electrophysiological changes in the intestinal epithelium that are reflective of Cl('-) secretion and mediated intracellularly by cAMP. Pharmacological and biochemical studies were performed to determine the physiological messengers and ionic basis of electrical alterations in small intestinal epithelium of the guinea pig during in vitro anaphylaxis. Results suggest that Cl('-) secretion mediated, in part, by cAMP contributes to antigen-induced jejunal ion transport changes and that histamine and prostaglandins are involved in eliciting epithelial responses.
Anatomy & physiology|Animals
RUSSELL, DEBORAH AUSTIN, "ANAPHYLACTICALLY - MEDIATED EPITHELIAL CHLORINE ION SECRETORY RESPONSE INISOLATED JEJUNUM OF PARASITIZED GUINEA PIGS (TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS)" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8608306.